Shopping Cart
Your Cart is Empty
There was an error with PayPalClick here to try again
CelebrateThank you for your business!You should be receiving an order confirmation from Paypal shortly.Exit Shopping Cart

43rd Monmouthshire Light Infantry re-enactment club


Safety policy As at Feb. 15


These are the minimum safety requirements for the safe manoeuvres of troops and handling of weapons on the ground. It does not include detailed drill movements . Officers instructing their troops in their specific drill must ensure that their drill does not contravene any of these general rules.

If an officer believes that their drill or the drill of a particular member cannot comply with these rules, they must discuss this with the 43rd Monmouthshire Safety Officer or unit commander in order to reach a satisfactory compromise. Members unable to comply may not take part in battle displays. They may attend living history and training events.

Disregard or failure to apply these rules will be cause for the immediate suspension of membership.

General rules

Units must train together regularly. The officer or the person responsible for training must keep records of all training given. These records must include all members participating in (including members of other units), and the nature of the training. Individuals training with a number of groups are strongly encouraged to keep a record of all training received. 43rd Monmouthshire accreditation does not replace the need for these records.

Infantry units must use the drill appropriate to the type of arm, period and nationality they represent except where adherence to this drill would become a safety hazard (e.g. loading of ball). During displays, foot troops (including non-combatants providing support) must operate in groups or units on the ground, under the control of a responsible officer or NCO. They must follow the directions of their officer at all times unless they consider that compliance with an order would put themselves, other members or members of the public into danger.

If a member believes that any order would put people or horses into danger, they should comply as far as safety permits and no further. They should discuss the matter with their officer after the display. No discussions should be entered into during the display.

Members should not leave their unit or group on the battlefield without the knowledge or permission of the unit officer.

Unit officers must remember that participants are all volunteers, if permission to leave the battlefield is requested; the officer must grant this permission as soon as it is safe to do so.

Infantry must never go forward of the wheel hubs of any artillery piece in their vicinity while the piece is in action.

Muskets / Carbines /rifles - Loading and Firing (excluding blank firers)

1. Always treat muskets as though they are loaded.

2. Muskets must never be pointed directly at people or animals. Always point above or

to the side. (Do not point at the ground to avoid ricochet)

3. Soldiers must be aware of safe firing distances.

4. Always be aware of the direction of the muzzle of the musket, especially when loading.

5. Ensure the surround of the pan is clean before priming

6. Be careful not to over prime and close pan as soon as priming is complete.

7. Use two fingers only to hold to hold the cartridge when loading the muzzle and tilt the barrel away from the face.

8. 43rd Monmouthshire encourages the safe use of ramrods.

9. 43rd Monmouthshire discourages “tap” loading. Repeatedly banging the butt of your gun on the ground will eventually damage your weapon.

10. The empty cartridge should be used as wadding, unless you are unable to ram your musket. If not ramming, the cartridge must be discarded (This does not apply to “blank Firing” guns).

11. Cartridges should be made of lightweight paper that will burn quickly when used as wadding. No glue or plastic tape should be used in their making.

12. When ramming, hold the ramrod with two fingers. Never place your hand over the end of the ramrod.

13.Never put a hand or other part of your body over the end of the muzzle or directly over the pan.

14. Only Black powder may be used for muzzle loading muskets (UN 0027, UN 0028). If using “blank firing” muskets, only the approved cartridges for that weapon may be used.

15.Care must be taken if the unit is required to move with loaded weapons.

In the event of a misfire, a message (naming the person concerned) should be sent up the line to the officer. The Miss fire drill should be carried out under the supervision of the NCO. See FLINT LOCK 4. Miss Fire

16.Firers must be aware of the potential danger to their neighbour from side flash and care must be taken to avoid side flash when the firearm is discharged. If flash guards are fitted, these must be regularly checked for signs of wear and tear.

17.43rd Monmouthshire discourages “touch firing”. This should only be carried out if a gun cannot be fired by normal means and it is unfeasible to leave it loaded. Touch firing should only be carried out by an experienced firer and in a safe area.

18. When presenting the weapon to fire, always feel for the ramrod in its channel under the barrel. If it isn’t there DO NOT FIRE. NCO's and Officers must observe all ramrods are returned , if they believe a ramrod has not been returned they must call an immediate halt and bring the unit to attention. To confirm the safe return of the ram rod.

19. If firing in more than one rank, the appropriate drill positions must be used to avoid injury to front soldiers from those behind them. In most circumstances, this means that the muzzle should be in front of the hands and the lock should be behind the ear, of the man in front. Special attention to the position of the muzzle and lock when loading and firing must be made when the 43rd is deployed in skirmish order or working in pairs.

20. When firing volleys in a formed single body of troops it is possible to think your gun has discharged when it has not. Cartridges should be large enough to give a slight kick in the shoulder, and soldiers should look along the barrel to watch for a flash and smoke. Members should familiar with the amount of ramrod displaced by one paper cartridge and in turn the amount of two cartridges in the event of a miss fire .

In the event of a double charge the weapon should be made safe. with the frizzen open, pan cleared and flint down. Water from the soldiers canteen should be poured down the barrel to soak the wadding and powder to make the weapon safe. water from the touch hole should be a good indication the entire charge as been soaked.

No attempt to clear the weapon should be made by firing the weapon and the weapon should be escorted to safe zone to be cleared by worm

21. Infantry must never take part in hand to hand combat with a loaded gun.

22. if it becomes necessary to portray a casualty on the field with a loaded gun, remove all priming while on the ground and if possible remove the ignition source

23. At the end of each display, guns should be checked to ensure they are clear before leaving the field. Ramrod should be removed and the barrels rung.

The NCO overseeing the clearance should report the section clear before the unit leave the display site. Any miss fires or loaded weapons should where possible be discharged on the display site as soon as possible.

24. Members with licenced weapons must not allow members of the public handle a licenced weapon at any time during a living history display or weapon talk through. Only inert, deactivated or blank firing (currently) weapons may be handle by members of the public and it must be made clear the weapon is inert , deactivated or blank firer.

Specific safety rules for different types of muskets are covered in these sections, Flintlock and Blank Firers. 


1. Cartridge bags or boxes must be made of leather and of a design good enough to keep any sparks out.

2. Ensure the hammer is at half cock at all times while loading.

3. Guns must only be brought to full cock when taking up the firing position.

4. Flintlock misfires

If there was no flash in the pan, remain in the firing position for a further 5 seconds before taking any action. Bring the weapon down to the load position. Bring the gun back to half cock, close the pan and wipe the frozen and flint clean. Re-prime if necessary and wait for the next order to fire.

If it fails to fire again with no flash, repeat the instructions above. If after a few attempts, the gun still fails to fire, shake out all priming powder and knap or replace the flint.

If the pan flashed but the gun failed to fire, allow 10 seconds in the firing position before taking any action. In addition to the actions above, prick the touchhole to ensure it is clear.

If the gun fails to fire after a number of attempts, it is deemed a failure and no further attempts should be made until it can be given proper attention. At this stage, remove all priming and ensure the pan is completely clear of powder. Remove flint. If possible flush water down the barrel as an extra precaution. 

“Blank Firer” Guns

These guns are fairly new to re-enactment, and as such there may be risks that have not yet become apparent. While we believe that they do not require a license at this time, the onus is on the owner to ensure that he/she can legally keep and use these weapons. Any potential risks that are not covered by the rules by these safety documents should be brought to the attention of the 43rd Monmouthshire safety officer.

These guns look very similar to their licensed firing counterparts. Users must remember this and in most respects should treat them in the same way as licensed weapons. In particular, these guns must never be pointed at people or animals and never be left unattended. Always remember that other people may not realise they are blank firers.

If showing these weapons to members of the public and letting them handle them, the reason that this is possible must be explained. Do not make other members seem rude or unhelpful because they cannot do the same with their licensed weapons.

Members should follow the drill of the 43 as closely as possible during battle re- enactments.

These guns do emit a flash, and the same levels of care must be taken. Members using these weapons must read and understand the safety precautions of fully firing versions of their guns above.

Where required, 43rd Monmouthshire will only supply Black powder (UN0027 and UN0028). Ammunition for blank firers will not be supplied and members use them at their own expense. 

Spontoon / Pike / Colour staff 

1. Must be handled with care at all times. Holders must be aware of their surroundings and avoid hitting people, trees, power lines, buildings or any other obstructions.

2.Pikes must be used in accordance with the drill of the period and nationality being presented.

3. When horses are in the vicinity pikes must be held at an angle to reach above the horses heads.

4.Holders are advised to wear gloves when handling pole arms. 


1.Swords may be worn where they constitute part of the normal attire of the role being represented.

2.Swords may be drawn by any member for presentation and salute purposes. Members drawing swords in other circumstance must be accredited to do so.

3.Only those accredited may use the sword in free form “fencing”.

4.Sword on sword encounters should remain brief unless part of a rehearsed scenario (duel).

5.Bayonets Extreme care must be used when using bayonets.

6. Bayonets must not be fixed when travelling over rough or slippery ground, or during hand to hand engagements with any other participants.

Accreditation Requirements – Basic Infantry I1

In order to be accredited, the member must demonstrate the following to the unit commander:

1. Membership of 43rd Monmouthshire.

2. Uniform and kit must be up to the standard for the unit .

3. Have knowledge and understanding the safety procedures for the camp site, battlefield and interaction with the public.

4.Basic knowledge of the drill of their chosen unit / role.

5.That they have licenses’ as required for their chosen weapon.

6.Knowledge of how the weapon works including the mechanics of the lock assembly, as appropriate for the gun being used.

7.Knowledge and practical demonstration of priming and the correct amounts to be used.

8.Knowledge and practical demonstration of loading and firing the weapon safely.

9.Knowledge and understanding of misfire drill.

10.Knowledge of safe removal of an unfired round from the barrel (worming).

11.Knowledge and understanding of required maintenance to the gun. Including stripping down, cleaning and re-assembly.

12.Knowledge of cartridge making.

Additional Accreditation Requirements – Swords (on foot)

Knowledge and practical demonstration of the principles of sword fighting (balance, line, eye contact and distance).

Knowledge and understanding of the swords and fighting styles of their period / role.

Knowledge and practical demonstration of basic five attacks and parries (minimum).

Additional Accreditation Requirements – Pikes and pole arms.

Knowledge and practical demonstration of the handling of pikes and pole arms at port, shoulder, trail etc.

Knowledge and understanding of the use of pikes and pole arms from 1680.

Additional Accreditation Requirements – Pyrotechnics

Certificate of attendance / pass of NAReS approved pyrotechnic course.

Knowledge and understanding of weapons used through the period 1680-1860 and appropriate

Content by sections

Introduction 1

Individual Competency 1

Collective Assessment/Accreditation 1

Conduct of Assessment 2

Pass/Fail Criteria 2

Appeal Process 2

Infantry Accreditation and Assessment for Individuals, The 43rds and Groups 3

General Safety 3

Generic Infantry Safety 3

Safety Distances 3

Man Down Drill 3

Infantry Charged by Cavalry 3

Firearm Safety 4

Priming 4

Loading 4

Half Cock and Full Cock 4

Flash from Firing 4

Weapon Custodians 4

Immediate Action Drills, No Flash Misfire 4

Immediate Action Drills, Flash in the Pan Misfire 5

Use of Ramrods 5

Edged Weapons 5 Hand to Hand Combat 5

Infantry to Infantry 5

Infantry to Cavalry 5

Infantry to Artillery 5

Safety Accreditation Test for Infantry 6

Infantry (Part One) 6 Infantry (Part Two) 6 Notification of Results 6

Example Cartridge Description 6

The 43rd Command and Control Accreditation and Assessment 

Introduction Safety Accreditation is conducted to ensure that the 43rds can operate safely as a unit within a combined arms environment. The conduct of the accreditation is the responsibility of The Army Commander and Brigadiers who may divest responsibility to members of their Staff who will act on their behalf. The 43rd commanders are responsible for presenting their units to their Brigadier for assessment and accreditation.

The assessment and accreditation is to be conducted as a part of a collective activity in which Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Pyrotechnic effects are to be represented or simulated in such a manner as to be clear to the troops under assessment as to the scenario that is being assessed.

The 43rd shall be presented to the Brigadier by its officer for assessment/accreditation.

The assessing officer shall give a clear and unambiguous brief to the commander of the unit being presented on:

~ The layout of the battlefield. ~ The dispositions of other troops. ~ The intended operational scenario.

~ The 43rd’s role in the operation. ~ Any specific safety issues that may arise during the assessment. ~ Any specific instructions that the 43rd must adhere to.

The 43rd commander shall then be given adequate time to brief and prepare the unit for the assessment/accreditation.

Individual Competency shall demonstrate by the production of records/certification that all members of the unit being presented for accreditation have passed Part 1 and Part 2 safety Accreditation.

Collective Assessment/Accreditation The 43rd officers shall demonstrate the correct use of commands in order to control their unit throughout the assessment/accreditation.

The 43rds must present sufficient NCOs within the ranks to exercise proper and safe control of all members of the unit.

The 43rd officers must demonstrate an awareness of other activities on the field of battle which shall be assessed as ‘not placing their unit into an unsafe position in relation to other activities on the filed’ or ‘compromising another unit’s tactical position’.

Within the assessment scenario the 43rd commanders must demonstrate the Units ability to manoeuvre safely using the appropriate drills of the time pertinent to the unit in question.

Commanders are to provide a consolidated record of their member’s accreditation, detailing that they have undergone and passed part 1 and 2 of the individual safety accreditation test.  

Section 1

Conduct of Assessment The assessment should require a the 43rd to execute a number of manoeuvres/actions that permit them to demonstrate competency, preferably within an all arms exercise.

All officers conducting assessments should have clear guidelines on the scenario of the exercise, what is expected of the 43 being assessed and the pass/fail criteria to be used in assessing units.

Member’s being used to support the assessment exercised but not being assessed must be strictly controlled so as not to compromise the integrity of the exercise.

Pass/Fail Criteria A unit shall be deemed to have passed the assessment and therefore be accredited if they perform all manoeuvres in accordance with the criteria set out for the exercise in a safe and competent manner. A record of the unit’s accreditation should be made in the relevant safety register which should be available for inspection.

If the 43 is considered to have manoeuvred in a manner that is inconsistent with good order, failed to follow the prescribed exercise or has in any way compromised the safety of themselves or other troops engaged in the exercise shall be deemed to have failed the assessment. They should be re-presented for accreditation once any recommended corrective training/practice has been conducted.

Appeal Process In the event of any dispute over the results of an assessment an appeal should be lodged with the relevant Army Commander who has final arbitrator powers. No further redress is available.                            

Section 2

Infantry Accreditation and Assessment for Individuals of the 43rd

This document is the standardised to the best practice of the Napoleonic Association and Crown and Empire society which check all participants that use firearms at any event as being competent to take part in any Army activity and using Firearms as Infantry. All 43rd Commanders and the Units Safety Officers and/or Unit Accreditation Officers are to ensure that all their members are fully trained and accredited to take part in any and all The Army activity and that they maintain written records to show that is the case. They are to ensure that all their members are aware of the safety procedures specific to each event, especially with regard to cavalry, artillery, melee and pyrotechnics that maybe used at the event.

General Safety Units/Groups are to drill and manoeuvre in the field in accordance with the drill regulations applicable to them from the period and ensure that all their members are fully conversant in those military manoeuvres before allowing them to take part in a battle re-enactment. It is advisable that all participants in battle re-enactments are progressively trained before they are allowed to be considered as a firer on the field.


All Units/Groups and person(s) that are intending to use a firearm at an event are to be fully conversant in practices and use it as the standard they train their members too in order for them to take part in an events as an Infantry firer.

Generic Infantry Safety Only black powder (UN0027 or UN0028 ) is to be used in any firearm at an event. All other Black Powder and shooters’ powders are expressly forbidden.

All firearms are to be proofed in accordance with their national regulations before they can be used at an event.

The 43rd Commanders or Unit/Group Safety Officers are to inspect all their members’ firearms at every event. They should satisfy themselves that the firearms are serviceable and fit for purpose. Where the firearm is considered to be unserviceable it is to be withdrawn from use until the fault is rectified. The 43rds shall keep a record of all incidents where a firearm is withdrawn from use and when passed fit for use.

Safety Distances ~ A firearm may not be discharged at any person closer than 20 metres (30 metres if mounted). Firearms should never be directly aimed at a person(s). The correct firing distance should be regularly demonstrated by the Unit/Group to their members.

Man Down Drill ~ In case of an accident or injury to a person(s) the group unit concerned is to form around the injured person in a square or orb. To signify “Man Down” a weapon is to be held horizontally in the air with both hands, by nominated persons at each corner of the square or equally spaced around the orb. If the Unit/Group in attendance has drums/bugles/whistles, then an alternating sound from them can be made continuously, i.e. blast/stop/blast and so on. In addition a baton emblazoned with a red cross on a white background may also be held aloft.

Infantry Charged by Cavalry ~ When loaded; if a block of infantry is charged by cavalry when loaded, they are to shoulder their arms and the infantry commander and individuals are to call out, “I am/Unit is loaded.” The cavalry are then to move away and engage other troops.        

Section 3

Firearm Safety ~ All firearms shall be checked before use by the participant and their relevant unit safety checker following the steps below.

~ The firearm is to be presented to the checker and the ramrod inserted by the holder of the firearm into the barrel to show that it is clear. ~ The ramrod is then to be inspected to ensure that it is fit for use, then secured to the weapon. ~ The firearm is then to be presented to show half cock. The hammer is to be drawn to the half cock and the trigger is to be pulled. The hammer should remain where it is. If the firearm is unable to be put at the half cock or remain at the half cock when the trigger pulled, it is deemed to be unsafe for use and shall not be used until rectified. Details of the weapon and nature of fault is then to be added to the unit Weapon Fault Record. ~The firearm shall then be put at the full cock and the frizzen pan closed and fired off. If the firearm is unable to be put at the full cock or hold the full cock, then it is deemed a failure and unsafe for use and shall not be used until rectified. Details of the weapon and nature of fault is then to be added to the unit Weapon Fault Record.

Priming ~ The firer is to set the hammer at the half cock, and ensure that the pan and surrounds are clean before priming. Care should be taken not to overfill the pan. The pan should be closed with the steel immediately after priming.

Loading ~ The firer is to use only two fingers to hold the cartridge whilst pouring the powder into the barrel. They are to ensure the barrel is tilted away from the face. Nothing other than black powder may be placed down the barrel of a gun, unless the ramrod is being used to ram the empty cartridge in place as wadding.

Half Cock and Full Cock ~ The hammer is to be kept at the half cock until the firearm is brought to the preparatory to firing when it should then be pulled to full cock in accordance with the appropriate drill movement. However, half cock does not mean that the firearm is safe and care should be taken when handling loaded weapons. Care should be taken not to strike the butt of the firearm on the ground or any other hard surface when it is loaded. This will go some way to ensuring that the firearm does not go off at half cock.

Flash from firing ~ Firers should be aware of the potential danger to their neighbour from side flash and care should be taken to avoid side flash when the firearm is discharged. Side flash will be reduced if the pan is not overfilled.

Weapon Custodians ~ At no point is a participant at an event is to allow a member of the public handle a firearm. Firearms must never be left unattended or stacked carelessly. No firearm must ever be discharged in the direction of the public. No firearm is to be discharged unless it is safe to do so.

Immediate Action Drills, No Flash Misfire ~ Firearm Fails to Fire with No Flash in the Pan. If the firearm fails to fire, the firearm is to be held in the firing position for a few seconds to ensure there is no slow burn to the ignition of the powder in the pan. After which the firer will then bring the weapon to the load position. The frizzen and flint are then to be wiped clean, close the frizzen and re-fire from the firing position (reprime if necessary and fire if safe to do so).

If the firearm fails to fire the second time, the firearm is to be held in the, firing position as above. Again wipe clean the frizzen and flint. The priming powder is shaken out of the pan, and the pan wiped clean. Once clean the flint is then knapped with the correct knapping tool. Note: The weapon is still loaded.

The pan is to be re-primed and the firearm re-fired for the third time. If the firearm fails to fire the third time, the firer is to carry out the steps above but this time is to remove the flint and refit a new. The firer is then to re-prime and attempt to fire for the fourth time. If the firearm fails to fire the firearm is to be held in the firing position for a few seconds, to ensure no slow burn. The firearm is deemed to be a complete failure.


After the four failed firings all priming is to be shaken out of the pan, the frizzen; pan and flint are wiped clean. The firearm is to be made safe by pouring water down the barrel until it flows out from the touchhole and/or the end of the barrel. This shows that the main charge has been flooded and rendered useless. The fault is to be recorded in the unit Weapon Fault Record at the earliest opportunity.

Immediate Action Drills, Flash in the Pan Misfire ~ The firer is to remain in the, firing position for at least 30 seconds, and call out their name, “their name, flash in the pan.”, this is then passed along the line to the last man who calls out, “last man, name called, flash in the pan.” ~ The firearm is then brought to the load position the frizzen, pan and flint are wiped clean. ~ The touchhole is then pricked and the pan re-primed. ~ The firer will return to the firing position and attempt to fire again. ~ If the weapon fails to fire with no flash in the pan, follow the Misfire Immediate Action as detailed above. ~ If the weapon fails to fire with another flash in the pan then the firearm is to be held in the firing position for at least one minute and call out as detailed at step i. ~ The firearm is then returned to the load position and is deemed a, Complete Failure. ~ The firearm is to be made safe by pouring water down the barrel until it flows out from the touchhole and/or the end of the barrel. This shows that the main charge has been flooded and rendered useless.

Use of Ramrods ~ When using the ramrod, firers should hold it between two fingers and should not cover the barrel with their hand. They should ensure that the ramrod is replaced properly when not in use. It is recommended that ramrods are used to ram home all blank charges, as this ensures that the charge is seated and that there is no windage. To reduce the risk of ramrods being accidentally fired, all participants are to ensure they are fully trained in their use and that they have been accredited by their respective units/groups in the use of them. Military Commanders are to ensure they do not give an order to ‘FIRE’, until they have ascertained that all of their firers have completed the full loading procedures for their respective firearm. However, all participants are responsible for ensuring they do not fire unless it is safe to do so, regardless of any instruction given by another person.

Edged Weapons ~ All edged weapons used at an events must be maintained in a clean and safe condition. Points and edges should be blunted and all burrs removed. Military Commanders/Safety Officers are to inspect such weapons before their use at an events. Edged weapons must be secured in a sheath or scabbard suitable for the weapon in question when not in use. Bayonets, Swords and Sabres may only be drawn by those accredited to do so. Hand to Hand Combat

Infantry to Infantry ~ Hand to Hand Combat Infantry to Infantry is only permitted if it has been Risk Assessed and is part of a pre-planned scenario and that it has been rehearsed to reduce any risk to the participants.

Infantry to Cavalry ~ Infantry to Cavalry is only permitted if it has been Risk Assessed and is part of a preplanned scenario and that it has been rehearsed to reduce any risk to the participants. Unit Military Commanders should ensure that their members are familiar with horses, as confidence on the field will minimise the risk of injuries sustained from horses. Infantry should keep in formation when cavalry are close and muskets must not be lowered below 45 degrees from the vertical.

Infantry to Artillery ~ Infantry to Artillery is only permitted if it has been Risk Assessed and is part of a pre-planned scenario and that it has been rehearsed to reduce any risk to the participants. Unit Military Commanders should ensure that all the members of their unit understand the system that shows whether a gun is loaded, suffering a hangfire etc., and be aware of the safety distances of cannon. In particular they must be careful when attacking a gun team to ensure that the gun is safe before they do.  


Safety Accreditation Test for Infantry

Unit Commanders and Unit Safety Officers are to ensure that all their members who wish to take part in battle re-enactment scenarios have passed a Safety Accreditation Test. The accreditation test is to be taken on an annual basis and those details are to be recorded by the relevant unit in written form. A member must have a Safety Accreditation granted by the Unit of which he is a member of, or by the unit with which he is brigaded with in order to take part in battle re-enactments at events and issued with a certificate to show they have completed an accreditation test. This certificate should detail when and by whom the test was conducted with and be signed by both parties. The test can be broken into two parts:

Infantry (Part One) ~ Produce their unit membership card. ~ Parade in the applicable uniform and kit for the unit/group they belong too. ~ Demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the drill they will be required to perform and an understanding of the orders they may be given when taking part in a battle re-enactment.

Infantry (Part Two) This part of the test is applicable to all members of a unit who wish to fire a musket, rifle or pistol during a battle re-enactment. The member shall: ~ Show they have passed Part One of the test. ~ Produce their current firearms certificate and explosives licence for inspection to show they are lawfully entitled to be in possession of their firearm and that they are in date and are able to be in possession of black powder in order to make blank cartridges for use with their firearm. ~ Demonstrate how their particular firearm functions, including the mechanics of the lock assembly and details of maintenance of their firearm. ~ Explain how the flint works and its action on the frizzen. Demonstrate how to dress the flint and how to change it. ~ Show their firearm clear. ~ Demonstrate how to prime the pan using the right amount of black powder. ~ Load their firearm weapon using the appropriate drill and words of command. ~ Demonstrate the Immediate Actions Drills for misfires. ~ Demonstrate how to remove an unfired blank round from the barrel using an appropriate tool for their firearm. ~ Demonstrate how to clean their firearm. ~ Demonstrate how to make a blank paper cartridge.

Notification of Results The member is to be shown a written record of the result of their test, indicating where if necessary improvements can be made. If the test was successfully passed then a certificate is to be issued. The Certificate is to be signed by the member and the Accreditor, listing their details and the result of the test and the date it was conducted.

Example Cartridge Description The paper is rolled around a 14mm copper tube from the longest side 145 mm being place on the tube first to the shortest side 62mm with the 130mm length forming the bottom of the cartridge, so will overhang the end of the cooper tube, this is done in order the end can be secured later, the short 62mm edge should now be on the outside and is then glued using a Prit Stick or similar type of glue. The glue is not necessary, but does provide a more secure cartridge and greatly reduces the chances of loose powder fallout. The 130mm end is then twisted (you need to make sure that a suitable amount of paper is overhanging for this process) ensuring that the paper doesn’t split or tear and is pushed into the end of the copper tube forming a closed end. Remove the cartridge from the tube and fill with powder to the appropriate amount. Once filled pinch the cartridge at the top of the powder and fold the top end of the cartridge across at a 45- degree angle making a sort of triangle. You will have to fold the end of the cartridge again to bring the triangle towards the powder and then tuck the tip of this triangle into the outer edge of the cartridge, which has been formed by the 62mm edge.  

43rd Monmouthshire Light Infantry 1795 - 1815 Re-enactment group